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The Search For My Perfect Swing — Part 52

Synchronized Horseshoe Pitching

As of March 27th. Now that I’ve introduced you to the tamper as Tool #1, how do you use it? I recommend the tamper as it has a flat bottom, and wooden handle. It will stand vertically on it’s own and if hit and knocked over, easily replaced.

Before leaving the use of Tool #1 (Tamper) I’ll cover one additional use to provide feedback during practice. It is difficult to monitor your backswing relative to height and direction. If you’re using the pendulum swing and following the Line of Flight, you can place the tamper behind you and centered on the Line of Flight cord. Whether your horseshoe straddles, touches or misses it, you will receive immediate feedback. It’s a great way to work on your ability to stay on line throughout your swing. The image below is a photo of the use of my tamper to monitor my backswing. In this case, I was using the single flip.

Backswing Feedback

Backswing Feedback

One of the most important aspects of horseshoe pitching is the drop angle. It is gravity that pulls the horseshoe down. The angle and speed of arrival is important as to whether the horseshoe is rejected by impact and whether it remains within the 6″ range of a single point. Do not underestimate the importance of single points in competition. Below is an image of the recommended location for the tamper to be placed relative to the stake. A 30 degree drop angle is the minimum and a 45 degree drop angle is the maximum.

Tamper Positioning for 30 and 45 Degree Drop Angle

Tamper Positioning for 30 and 45 Degree Drop Angle

If you are using a Line of Flight (LOF) cord positioned from the approach to the stake, then place the tamper centered over the LOF cord at the distance indicated by the image above and you will have very useful target to throw over for not only drop angle but the proper direction of the horseshoe. The relationship between the tamper and stake will give you instant feedback and to any problem with your stride or head movement.

If you are working on the square to square pitching technique, then use a secondary stake placed at the back of the pit about 9″-10″ (the distance from your nose to your shoulder) to the left of the stake and draw an additional cord from your approach toward your secondary stake. Move the tamper to be centered over the secondary cord to monitor your stride direction and head movement, as well as drop angle control. Your secondary stake can be a shortened broom handle, metal rod, etc. I paint mine a bright OSHA yellow.

Prepared on March 23rd. I’ve decided to direct this intro to the new and not new pitchers who are dedicated to learning and improving this coming season. If you enjoy horseshoe pitching for the socializing and don’t really practice to improve, this intro is not for you. If your ringer average is 50% or less, you’re missing 50% or more of your ringers. Obviously, you have room to improve. The question is…how? Below I am introducing Tool #1. Consider it the most important tool in your arsenal, which I consider the best improvement aid. I will introduce others later like a secondary stake, or 15″ tire or over and under cords, etc. Each gives you feedback to aid in your technique improvement.

Tool #1 -- The Tamper

Tool #1 — The Tamper

Learning to use this tool properly will help with your stride, head movement, drop angle, setup, balance and swing. Placement of the tamper will depend on whether you are a square to square (see below) or angle pitcher, or somewhere in between. To determine which, pull a cord (Line of Flight) from the distant stake to a location directly under the center of the horseshoe when setup on the approach. If you are a square to square pitcher your shoulders remain perpendicular, and equidistant to the Line of Flight (LOF) cord during the stride, while the angle pitcher has to rotate the shoulders to keep the right shoulder over the LOF cord during the stride.

Here I will paraphrase a couple of questions I hear countless times — “Why short?” and, “What Am I Doing Wrong?” Making use of a simple device like a tamper, will help you answer those questions. Let’s consider the question relative to a horseshoe that arrives on line, but, short of the stake. There are two primary variables that determine the answer. The location of the release point, and the speed of the arm swing. Excluding the arm swing/timing for now, the release point is a function of, distance and height. Distance is how far from the stake and height is relative to distance from horizontal (typically the ground). Keep in mind that the arm swings in an arc. During the swing, if you alter the distance from the stake, you also alter the height. They are mutually inclusive. You can’t have one without the other.

Considering the swing arc as the hub of a wagon wheel, you can see that an early release is closer to the ground and farther from the target (stake) and results in a shorter distance covered. A release a little later in the rotation causes the distance to the stake to be shorter (closer) and higher from the ground and continues until the launch angle reaches 45 degrees after which, the distance covered begins to drop. See below.


The immediate assumption causing short arrival is, “I released the horseshoe too early during the upswing”…not necessarily. Each of the instances below will increase the distance to the stake, thus, result in short arrival. Consider the spokes as your arm and the hub as your shoulder.
1. Your shorter stride didn’t get you to the same location forward.
2. Your posture caused your shoulder to lengthen the distance to the stake.
3. Your shoulder arrived at the release point a little lower measured from the ground.
4. A slight bend in the arm during the forward swing increased the distance.
5. You changed the lift of your striding foot.

You can use the tamper to determine whether your head is moving up and down using the top of the tamper and whether you are moving left or right as you stride forward. If you are only looking at the stake, you are not getting the feedback that can be supplied by using the tamper or equivalent.

Before I go any further I need to clear up the concept of square to square and practicing from the center of the court. I previously left you with the image of everything moved next to the 30 or 40 foot stake in the middle of the court. See below.

Square To Square

Square To Square

Now I rotate the entire geometry from the center of the court to the left approach. You will notice that there is a slight angle change, but, the setup is still square to square relative to the stake. Your pitching shoulder still follows the Line of Flight (LOF) and your eyes still sight to a position to the left of the stake. Notice that your Visual Alignment Point rotates a little further to the right. See below.

Square to Square Left Approach

Square to Square Left Approach

There is absolutely no reason that you cannot stride with the left foot/leg. However, be aware that your tendency will be to rotate your shoulders counter-clockwise as you step forward. You will need to control this rotational tendency.

I will continue the Square to Square method of pitching in Part 52, which I hope to have completed shortly.

Synchronized horseshoe pitching involves a series of precise movements that will trigger an automatic response to a previous movement performed. For instance, if you stand up straight and begin to tilt your body forward, eventually there will be an automatic response that causes you to step forward to catch your balance.

If you are a pitcher that brings the horseshoe up in front of your eyes, or aligns the horseshoe with the stake at address, you are swinging on 3 separate swing planes. Plane 1 is your swing up to address, Plane 2 is your backswing, and Plane 3 is your forward swing. This introduces 3 separate possibilities to swing off line. Further, if your direction is off, it is difficult to determine which Plane error(s) caused the miss. I’m sure you’ve seen lots of pitchers using this horseshoe in front of the face technique, some very good pitchers. However, they have been doing it this way for a very long time. Why incorporate multiple planes when a single plane can be more precise?

I will describe two distinct methods, both of which are synchronized and similar in concept, but, slightly different in execution. Both methods will use the automatic nature of responses as the key to the synchronization. Neither method is effected by the style of release, whether flip or turn. These techniques are provided to produce a SINGLE swing plane which I refer to as the Line of Flight (LOF).

The two methods described will show how a 3 Plane swing can become a 1 Plane swing by making a change in your setup and delivery.

To practice one or other of the Methods to be described, you will need to setup your practice pit. This will require several props. At a minimum you will need 2 lengths of cords, one that permits a cord from the distant stake to behind the approach, one that is from the distant stake to a point in front of the approach, 3 large nails, something to support the over and under alignment of the two cords, a secondary stake and a 3-6 foot length of a 2×4 (see below).

First, I need to deal with the two angles that cause confusion when pitching horseshoes. One is the angle between pitching shoulder and dominant eye. The other is the angle between the approach and stake. So, I set up my court to reduce the first and eliminate the second. To start, I ordered a special stretchable cord (image below) for this first step.



The steps below will result in a setup that looks like this as a side view…

Over and Under Cords With Tamper

Over and Under Cords With Tamper

Both cords attached to the front of the pit…

Cords anchored at pit

Cords anchored at pit

Step 1 is to attach a cord from one stake to the other. This will split the court straight down the middle with the cord 18 inches from the left and right approaches. As a visual reference for the 30 foot pitcher, I’ve placed a temporary stake 30 feet from the pit stake. This cord will be used as the Line of Flight (LOF) or Single Plane. Think of this LOF as the single rail of a railroad track that stretches from the approach to the stake.

Line of Flight Cord

Line of Flight Cord

Step 2 is to attach a second and shorter cord on top of the first cord. Connect one end at the same location as the first cord at the front of the pit. Connect the other end 10 feet in front of the approach and along the LOF. Using a tamper, short pitchfork, sledge hammer, directly over the first cord at a locate about 6 feet in front of the pit. Take the short cord and put it on top of the tamper, etc. so that the top cord is directly over the first cord. See images.

LOF Cord Anchor

LOF Cord Anchor

Over Cord Anchor

Over Cord Anchor

If you only have one pit with either 30 or 40 foot approaches, all the better. For visual reference I have placed a stake 30 feet from the pit stake and directly adjacent to the cord (see image below). You will be practicing adjacent to this cord. If you are a 40 foot pitcher, you will be working from the 40 foot stake location. If you’re working with a 40 foot court, you’ll have to move in front of the pit. Don’t despair, the purpose of these two methods is to allow you to pitch straight down the LOF. So, these methods are designed to keep the horseshoe on a single LOF and swing plane, directly at the stake.

I had previously built a portable approach to be used for regional Show and Tells in case the courts did not have built-in approaches for 30 foot pitchers. I have positioned the portable approach to be parallel to the LOF and 3-1/2 inches to it’s left. The red line on the approach is to identify the 30 foot stake location, typical of many NHPA approaches. The temporary stake shown is for clarity and will be returned to the back of the pit for monitoring my head movement, see photo below.

Line of Flight Cord

Line of Flight Cord

Why 3-1/2 inches from LOF to the approach edge? The NHPA sets the maximum width of a horseshoe for sanctioning purposes to be 7-1/4″ wide. Generally speaking, this puts the Center of Gravity of most horseshoes at approximately 3-1/2 inches from shank to shank. It is the Center of Gravity that should be pitched at the stake. All Hilfling horseshoes are designed to place the Center of Gravity precisely centered between top and bottom and side to side, with a dimple on each shank to show the location for turn pitchers.

It’s not likely you, the reader, will have a portable approach, so, I’ll show the same footwork by using a 2×4 that is resting against the LOF cord and anchored with a couple of gutter nails.

2x4 Alignment

2×4 Alignment

METHOD 1 — starts with a new way to take your stance. These locations may change for you personally, but, for now start as indicated. My right foot is at the edge and corner of the stake line at a 45 degree angle. This places your right foot 36 inches behind the foul line. Your left foot will also be along the right edge of the temporary approach and approximately 12-14 inches in front of the stake line. See photo below.

Method 1 Stance

Method 1 Stance

Why position my feet at the right edge of the approach? Answer: By practicing from the center of the court I am eliminating the angle which normally exists when working from the left or right approach. This setup gives me the best chance of determining the reasons for misses left and right. Further, it places the horseshoe at setup, precisely centered over the LOF cord.

From this stance position I will rotate my upper body counter-clockwise so my shoulders are squarely facing the distant stake. My right arm will be extended down my right side with my flip grip and my right shoulder and arm vertically over the LOF. Note that there is the slightest of angles between the approach, LOF and stake. When my arm is extended vertically downward, the left edge of the horseshoe is aligned with the edge of the approach and the Center of Gravity of the horseshoe is directly above the LOF.

Everything after the completion of the arm swing should trigger the automatic response and there will be no pause between any action.

The automatic responses, as part of this method, are triggered by step 2. However, it is my responsibility to provide the timing of the swing up to address to dictate the speed of the Bow To The Stake in Item 2 below. If you’re considering trying this method, you will first have to determine how much effort it takes you personally, to deliver the horseshoe to the stake properly. It is the speed of “that” arm swing forward that should be part of your arm swing speed when addressing the stake. I am trying to synchronize all 3 phases of the address, backswing and delivery to be a smooth and unencumbered motion.

Step 1. Without moving anything but my arm, I smoothly swing up to align the left edge of the horseshoe to the right top edge of the stake. The speed which is used during the arm swing up to the alignment point dictates all further responses in the method. Why not align the center of the horseshoe to the stake? Answer: because there is still a slight angle between the eyes and LOF. Aligning to the right edge of the stake accommodates this final bit of angle. I will address this issue further when I describe the use of over and under LOF cords a little later.

2. Without pausing, “Bow To The Stake”, which starts the backswing automatically and begins to trigger the automatic stride response. When bowing to the stake, I need to make sure that the gap between the primary and secondary stakes, does not change. This insures that my head, eyes, nose and shoulder maintain their relationship to the LOF.

3. The “Bow To The Stake” does several things. First, it controls the rhythm of the backswing, forward swing and release. Second, it uses the larger muscles of the body to control the downswing over the smaller muscles of the arm. Third, it triggers the automatic response to stride forward by shifting the weight forward of the centered body. Finally, it helps to retard the upper body from rotating toward the striding foot.

4. During the swing back to the end of the backswing, there is an automatic response to step forward. I have to make sure that my stride forward continues along the edge of the approach. During this stride forward I will feel my right leg swing away from the edge of the approach to aid in balancing my body as I deliver the horseshoe to release. I let this happen as a response to the synchronized stride forward. The horseshoes should follow a straight line down the LOF and directly at the stake. The stride is shown below.

Left Foot Stride

Left Foot Stride

NOTE: It is possible to alter the address position anywhere along the LOF cord to the stake. I encourage anyone trying this method find the address position that keeps all three movements in sync.

After working with this LOF cord alignment between walkways, I can rotate the cord to any approach left or right as long as the relationship between the cord, stake and footwork is maintained. Since I want my personal stride preference to end up at the right corner of the left approach, I will pull the cord 3-1/2″ inches to the right of the right corner of the approach. See the photo below for clarification.

Today is February 20th. It’s a beautiful day here in Maryland today. A dry and warm breeze from the west and the temperature hovering around the 65 degree mark. I was able to uncover the pit and pitch for about an hour. If you’ve followed the blog recently, you’ll know that I ended last season experimenting with a right foot stride. I always practice with a single horseshoe for several reasons. First, it gets my legs in shape twice as fast; secondly, it forces me to go through my setup routine from scratch on every horseshoe; finally, it reduces the noise when one horseshoe hits the other. I always keep my stake covered with a very tough plastic tubing. I’m going into the 3rd year of practice and barely notice any damage to the tubing.

The images below describe my stance while practicing. For the sake of getting comfortable with this method I have moved my approach to within 3-1/2″ of the perceived 30 foot stake and straight down the center of the court. This is to eliminate the angles that cause confusion standing on the usual approach. When you’re comfortable with this method, you simply use the distant stake as the center of rotation and move the lines to the usual left approach. If you’re left handed, move your right hand approach inward to the left. Since you will not have a portable approach as I do, use a 2×4 to align your feet. When I take additional photos, this concept will become much clearer, if confused. Welcome back everyone.


Square To Square

Square To Square

This will be called the Square to Square Method. The first thing I need to do is eliminate all angles. The red color represents the setup/stance, address and backswing. The green color represents the stride forward and release. The first thing to notice is…I will be working from the center of the court. First, I pulled a stretchable cord from stake to stake for either 30 or 40 foot courts. I have temporarily moved the left approach toward the cord and within 3-1/2″ from the 30 or 40 foot stake location. Since you won’t have a portable approach, substitute a 2×4 along the edge of the cord. The large circles on the approach represent the head and the smaller circles represent the shoulders. The tiny circles on the front of the large circles represent the eyes with the right eye exactly 9″ from the cord.

The images above are to scale, the grid represents 3″ squares. Here is some explanatory info. I have a portable approach which I use for Show and Tells in the Maryland area. You would substitute a 2×4 against the cord which puts your right foot 3-1/2″ from the cord. The Center of Gravity of your horseshoe is also 3-1/2″ centered between shanks. The distance from my dominant right eye and shoulder/arm is 9″. Note that there is a line from the small circle representing my right eye to a point at the opposite pit which is 9″ to the left of the stake. In the image I am representing the straight Line Of Flight (LOF) from the horseshoe to the stake as a railroad track. In this method everything moves straight forward. The only way this is possible is to stride with your right foot and not your left.

I want to cover the right foot stride for a moment and why this is a necessary part of this method. If you are a left foot strider, your shoulders naturally rotate towards the left foot. This causes the horseshoe to follow the shoulder rotation and cause the horseshoe to go left. In order to cause the horseshoe to go at the stake you need to overcome this tendency in some way. If you’ve been active in throwing sports, i.e., baseball, football, bowling, bocce, etc., this rotation adds additional distance and/or speed. It becomes very difficult to overcome this natural tendency. A stride with the opposite leg cancels out this tendency. What is also unique about this method is the requirement to keep your head moving in a straight line 9″ to the left of the stake. In Part 52, I will show how to practice this head movement. The key to the success of this method is to keep the shoulder, arm and hand moving in a straight line directly at the stake.

Another aspect of this method the reduction of total movement. Your address position will be lower, your backswing shorter, your stride shorter. Thus, you will setup closer to the foul line, thereby reducing the distance to the stake. There will be no tilt of your body and your shoulders will remain level throughout the setup to release. It will take a few days to feel comfortable with the right foot stride. It will surprise you as to how quickly this will become a natural part of your technique. There will be a couple of additional tips to keep the shoulders level, to add some additional impetus to the swing. Watch for the completion of Part 52.

Early in November I emailed the NHPA Secretary to get a preliminary review of the Avenger as a sanctioned horseshoe. Based upon the image provided (image below), the NHPA could see no reason not to approve the Avenger. So, what I wanted to make available for learning the various flips and turns, could become another sanctioned model. The notches shown on the Avenger below are spaced similar to a pistol grip at 1/2 inch increments. It is very easy to grip this shoe precisely each time. The horseshoe will be in the 2 pounds 8 ounce medium category and will be perfectly balanced as with all of the Hilfling horseshoes. It also incorporates symmetrical hooks for flip or turn from either side. So, for those pitchers interested in trying the turn or improving their turn, it provides lots of options.

For Your Information: The demand for the Warrior has been so great, that I have decided to make two Warrior patterns available for the foundry to keep up with the demand. I have ordered two copies of 3D prints from Shapeways so the foundry can mount 2-UP for pair casting, instead of singles. This will permit easier weight matching following casting. The results should be available within a couple of weeks. Therefore, the foundry will not be casting Warriors while awaiting the arrival of the new prints.

As of October 25th. I have added two additional tips for Part 51. One deals with an easy way to monitor body alignment on the approach and the other suggests you consider reducing your backswing based on picking a shorter address alignment position based on my belief that extremely long back swings tend to pull the body out of alignment and result in missed ringers. I am considering production of a new horseshoe that I had created earlier that I referred to as my “Dial-A-Grip”. It is actually named the “Avenger”. It is a fantastic shoe for learning the turn. See below.

The Avenger

The Avenger

As of September 26th. I will be adding a tip in Part 51 that incorporates a couple of inexpensive lasers to help with my arm swing down the line. It’s even more important now that I’m relegated to stationary pitching. During normal pitching, the stride is used for timing, alignment and adding the impetus necessary to pitch the horseshoe the required distance. Just because you can’t stride for various reasons, does not mean an end to my/your horseshoe pitching. Actually, it eliminates a major reason for misses. However, I had to spend a fair amount of time working on my setup to permit a balanced delivery with my arm only. I am far more accurate with my delivery now. The major question was…do I work on a restricted or unrestricted arm swing? I will pass on what I have discovered which results in a very accurate delivery.

I realized recently that this blog chronicles my “Search” going into the 8th year. I monitor the hits on this blog with a product called “Statcounter”. It shows me statistics on searches, time looking, which parts, geographical location of searcher, etc. There is no personal information captured, so I don’t know anything about the searcher such as, style of pitching, i.e., flip or turn or variations, distance pitched, horseshoes used, etc. Knowing what I know now, I would have ordered the Table of Contents from current to past.

This blog covers thousands of hours of practice, testing, thinking I had found the answer and realizing I hadn’t. I am always afraid that the searcher will start with Part 1, when I want them to start where I ended up, rather than where I began. So, I’ve decided to write Part 52, which is where I am today and why. I will place Part 52 at the beginning of the Table of Contents, so that anyone researching, will know what ended up working for me and why. More important, is instant realization of why I missed, if I did, and the ability to fix it. Part 4, has always been my guiding goal and it is where I am today. Constants are the key. Using the stationary stance in the 2015 Maryland State Singles helped me win second place in the Elders Class A division.

As of September 2nd. Sales for the Warrior was turned on August 26th, but, the website was not refreshed and did not reflect the update. If you are not seeing the new Warrior and Patriot2 selling with prices listed, please hit your “F5” function key (top of your keyboard) to refresh the information. You may be looking at a cached copy of the Hilfling website. Sorry for any inconvenience.

As of August 5th. The results from the Patriot2 ductile iron casting has come back with a horseshoe that is quite unique in a number of ways. First, the horseshoe matches my target weight of 2 pounds 8 ounces. Secondly, it has the unique characteristics of having a perfectly centered Center of Gravity. What is unique is that the cubic volume of each half of the Patriot2, i.e., top and bottom occupy the exact same cubic volume. This means that the Center of Gravity is exactly perfect from top to bottom, side to side and in this case, precise, relative to the location of the CofG within the thickness of the horseshoe. This horseshoe turns in flight like a Frisbee. Each shank has a small dimple identifying the exact location of the Center of Gravity as a gripping indicator by the turn pitcher.



The Warrior (shown on my website — ) is now NHPA approved and ready for sales. I had included the licensing fee to be able to expedite the availability of the Warrior as soon as approved. The Warrior is specifically designed for the “turn” pitcher. The Center of Gravity is precisely centered from top to bottom and side to side with a shank dimple to indicate the top to bottom location. Welcome the Warrior honoring the U.S. Marines.

The Warrior

The Warrior

For anyone interested there are a couple of free documents that may be of interest. The URL to the free PDF copy to everyone of “Down The Line” and “My Better Way” is

This blog, The Search For My Perfect Swing, is directed to the new horseshoe pitcher, like me, who is interested in joining the large population of pitchers wanting to improve their technique. I guess I can state that I’m no longer new horseshoe pitcher. Here it is 2015 and I began this blog in 2008. Even though it is primarily directed at the Elder pitcher, those 70 and older, in addition to women, and youth who primarily flip the horseshoe, there should be some tidbits of information that might help any pitcher improve their ringer average. Golfers have a huge inventory of teaching aids available to help with their game. The horseshoe pitcher has very few. This blog covers my search to improve my game. Along the way I have tried to create aids that will help my technique.


The Search For My Perfect Swing — Part 51

Practice Tips

Part 51 is directed at the pitcher who has a pit or stake in the backyard and is constantly trying new ideas to improve their ringer average. This part is not a series of quick fix tips. It will take time and dedication to reap the rewards of some of what follows. There is nothing magical here, just a series of common sense techniques supported by a variety of helping aids.

This part actually began in 2007 when I first began to question methods to improve my pitching technique. Actually, I had no pitching technique. It was all new and I needed to start from scratch. As with many new pitchers, I thought there was a recommended location for pulling a string or cord at some height to throw over. I found one reference that said that the highest point was 60% downrange from my release location and 2 feet above my personal height. So, for 37 feet, a little over 23 feet from the foul line and just under 8 feet high. The 60% proved to be incorrect. The Physics Forum provided me with a formula to be used to calculate the high point location when the release point height and location was known.

This introduced a new problem. How do you actually know where you release the horseshoe. A simple electronic circuit consisting of a battery and LED attached to my pitching glove gave me the answer, 3 feet from the ground and 1.5 feet in front of the foul line. The banner at the top of each part, including this one, shows the actual plot. I ultimately had to prove the results with a slow motion video, now on Youtube. It further proved that I needed to make sure that what I said, was provable. Knowing where the highpoint is, provides no meaningful information, since you don’t have a way to know whether the horseshoe is going up, leveling out, or going down. So, it became a useless target. Actually, the highpoint of the center of gravity of a horseshoe never reaches the halfway point for 30 or 40 foot flights. It turns out that there are easier ways to monitor the more important issue of “Drop Angle”. I will start there.

Below is a compilation of a series of simple Practice Tips that I hope will help you get started in horseshoe pitching, try something new, or help to fix something you’ve been having problems with. I continue to use every tip or technique I mention here and all have been developed after lots of trial and error. I encourage you to develop your own tips to develop the muscle memory needed to be successful. Keep in mind that incorporating some of these suggestions will alter your horseshoe arrival, so, factor that in as you practice. I am including a number of images and photos previously used, but, included here to keep you from searching through the previous parts for examples.

I often suggest to new pitchers that they visit a NHPA tournament and witness the styles and techniques used by the Class A or B pitchers in their area of interest or class. It would not make much sense for a new Elder class pitcher to try to emulate a 40 foot pitcher using a 1-3/4 turn. It is also important to be aware that many of the pitchers are using unique techniques developed from a young age and now incorporated into their muscle memory. The tips described are simple and easy to use.

I start with what I consider as the Best Tip overall, whether practicing as a flip or turn pitcher…Keep A Journal.

Best Tip — Keep A Journal.

It is important to keep a record of your practice sessions. A little spiral bound notebook will do the trick. Each page should be titled and dated for the subject of your practice session. I created a form that I used to give me the record I needed to evaluate the results of my practice sessions. Below is a copy of the form. I would circle the appropriate “U” for arrival information relative to the arrival of the shoe at the stake. “BO” = bounce offs; “BB” = bounce backs; and, “WF” = wrong form.

Practice Session Info

Practice Session Info

To print this JPG form, double click the form and print whatever number of copies you wish.

It was the keeping of this journal and recording results that showed my tendency to miss left, hardly ever right. As my ringer average improved, I noted an increasing number of bounce backs, a perfectly thrown ringer that hit the stake and bounced straight back. I was able to correct the horseshoe arriving left by correcting my unruly left shoulder rotation. I was able to correct the number of bounce backs by switching to a 1-1/2 flip.

There is only one goal in horseshoe pitching…score 3 points for each ringer, and if not a ringer, then 1 point with each horseshoe not a ringer. You would think this fact is self evident, however, it seems that this is not the case. If you pitch in sand from time to time and watch your misses hit and slide to the backboard, Tip 1 is for you, whether pitching in sand OR clay. The first few examples will help you gain a few of those single points while improving your ringer average.

It is difficult to say one tip is more important than another, but, if you are a flip pitcher, then Tip 1 will prove to be the most valuable. It will prove to be the most valuable for accumulating single points if not a ringer, softer shoe arrival, staying within point range, requiring less effort to cover the distance and doing less damage to your horseshoes. If you are a turn pitcher and throw your horseshoe low and hard, check out Tip 1.

Tip 1 — Improve Your Drop Angle

The simplest way to improve your Drop Angle is to surround the stake with a 15″ used rubber tire (see image below). If not a rubber tire, then a length of 4×4 across the pit about 6″ in front of the stake. Calculations indicate that a horseshoe arriving at a Drop Angle of between 30 Degrees to 45 Degrees (see images below) will tend to stay within the 13″ scoring circle (see image below). Your goal is to drop the horseshoe onto the stake without hitting the sidewall or the 4×4 when arriving. The shoe will then arrive softer, which reduces rejection, and allows you to pitch the horseshoe with less effort the required distance. Remember, the higher you pitch the horseshoe, with the same initial velocity (speed), the greater the distance traveled (up to 45 degrees).

Using Tip 1 will not only help with your Drop Angle, but, direction and distance.


The image above displays the arrival of a horseshoe at 30 degrees.


The image above displays the arrival of a horseshoe at 45 degrees. Note that the greater drop angle gives you more potential for staying within the 13″ scoring circle and allows you to arrive at the stake a bit higher up.

15" Used Tire

15″ Used Tire

The image above represents the use of a 15″ used tire for improving your arrival at the stake. The tire above left, shows a cutout that allows me to see the bottom of the stake from the approach. Removing the bottom sidewall makes the removal of the cutout easier. Your goal here is to throw the horseshoe high enough to clear the sidewall at arrival, and land within your scoring circle. This simple aid will immediately improve your “Drop Angle” arrival.

Tamper Positioning for 30 and 45 Degree Drop Angle

Tamper Positioning for 30 and 45 Degree Drop Angle

The 43″ tamper that I use to prepare my clay pit works great to position a target over my Line of Flight at a distance from the stake to improve my “Drop Angle.” This is a more effective way to provide a target over the previously mentioned string above.

13 Inch Scoring Circle

13 Inch Scoring Circle

The NHPA uses 6″ for measurement of a single point. The image above represents the scoring circle available to capture those single points in “Count All” or cancellation matches.

Tip 2 — Stand Tall

What does it mean to “stand tall”? It means that when you step to the approach and take your stance, you stand relaxed and upright and without a bend at the waist. The head is the heaviest part of the body. When you bend at the waist as you start your stride forward, your weight automatically shifts ahead of your feet. This causes your stride to be longer to catch up and support the balance of this weight shift. It lowers the hub of your swing and causes the horseshoe to arrive lower and harder to cover the same distance. This bend at the waist is not a natural method of walking. We don’t lean over, and step out to catch our balance. We normally keep our head relatively level as we stride forward and take a nice comfortable, balanced step forward. It is better to do what we normally do when we walk and incorporate that into your stride forward. Under normal circumstances the stride forward provides the forward impetus to carry the horseshoe to the stake. With a “stand tall” delivery, your natural stride can be shortened which will allow you to stand a little closer to the foul line. With this setup, stride and delivery, your shoulder will follow a straighter line to the stake and automatically allow your release to be higher above the ground and with the shoe automatically arriving from a higher drop angle.

Tip 3 — Strike A Pose

Strike A Pose is a great practice method to insure that you end up with the proper stance that is married to your release method. What you are trying to do is make sure that you finish your stride in a stable and balanced position. The best way to do that is to release the horseshoe and finish standing on your striding foot with your trailing foot off of the platform. Check out some of the photos on the NHPA website of some of our greatest pitchers and note that they finish their release by balancing themselves on their striding foot, trailing leg off the approach and releasing arm in a “handshake with the stake.” Including this “Strike A Pose” position during your practice will identify any tendency to lose your balance. There is no way to be accurate in your delivery if you end up losing your balance at some point during your delivery.

Tip 4 — Monitor Your Footwork

It is essential that you are accurate with your footwork. Setting your feet at address and locating your finishing stride location exactly, the same on every pitch, eliminates one more reason for a miss. The easiest way to monitor your footwork is to use a wet towel and place it just behind the approach. Make sure both feet step on the towel before placing your feet on the approach. As you step into your setup footwork and follow with your stride forward, you will be leaving your footwork on the approach. After a few pitches, your footwork outline will be visible on the approach. If a shoe goes left or right of the stake, you can check your striding foot plant and the ending location of the trailing foot to see if you planted your feet differently or accurately.

Tip 5 — Tame Your Left Shoulder

Our normal style of walking or stepping forward is to rotate your upper body in the direction of the step or stride. If you are right handed and stride forward, your right shoulder naturally rotates toward your left foot. The opposite for the right foot step/stride forward. This normal tendency to rotate the upper body leftward will rotate your swinging arm to the left. The majority of the pitchers I observe will miss left of the stake. The other reason, which we’ll cover later, is swinging offline. There are two ways to learn to control the left shoulder. First, place your left hand across your body and lock your index finger (if possible) into the belt loop to the right of your pants zipper. This will feel odd at first, but, will give you the feel for keeping the shoulder from rotating. If you feel the tug on your index finger during the left foot stride forward or backswing, you’ll know that your shoulders are attempting to rotate. In actual play and practice, you can monitor your left shoulder by setting up on the approach with your shoulder within your peripheral vision and your left hand is resting on the inside of your left thigh. Don’t allow your left hand to move away from your left thigh throughout your address, backswing and stride. If you miss left after stopping your shoulder rotation, then in all likelihood you are swinging offline, most likely during your backswing. Fix that with Tip 6.

Tip 6 — Swinging Offline

A very common problem that causes horseshoes to go left is swinging offline during the backswing. It makes more sense to keep your shoulder and arm going straight up, down, back and forward straight down the Line of Flight. That is a simple line drawn from the center of gravity of the horseshoe from the address position, is followed accurately from setup, address and delivery. There is absolutely nothing gained by bringing the horseshoe up to your eyes for sighting to the stake. That move immediately takes your horseshoe and arm off line. To be placed correctly back on line you must make a simulated figure 8 move to put your horseshoe, shoulder and arm back on line. Why do it? Secondly, if you raise the horseshoe up to your address position and align it with the stake, you are off line.

A very simple test to prove your off line position by using the stake for alignment. Ask someone to stand behind you and have you swing up and align to the stake. I will guarantee you that your address arm is aligned well left of the stake (if, right eye dominant and swinging with the right arm). Next, tell your spotter to adjust your arm and horseshoe to the right until he sees your arm and horseshoe aligned with the stake. You will probably see your horseshoe pointing 14 inches or more, to the right of the stake. I will also guarantee you that your horseshoe at this rightward alignment is directly over the Line of Flight. When your spotter tells you that your horseshoe is pointing at the stake, just look at where the horseshoe is aligned when looking down the left shank of the horseshoe and use that location as your “Visual Alignment Point”. For me personally, it is generally the right corner of the backboard.

So, how do you use this knowledge (Visual Alignment Point) to keep the horseshoe going down the “Line of Flight”. First, begin your setup by resting your horseshoe on your right leg with a fully extended arm. Next, swing up to your address position at your personal Visual Alignment Point (to the right of the stake). When you swing back, try to brush the horseshoe against your right pant leg. This insures that at this point, your swing is still on the Line of Flight (back where you started). If you don’t brush your pant leg, you will be swinging off line, and more than likely your horseshoe will go to the left of the stake at delivery. Naturally, this applies when you have not yet moved forward before the leg brush.

Tip 6 describes the steps to keep your horseshoe going straight, from setup to the stake following the straight Line of Flight with the center of the horseshoe going straight at the stake. If you miss left and right of the stake, you’ll need to work out some method to at least eliminate one side or the other. Resting the horseshoe against your pant leg and brushing it on the return swing will at least help, with ruling out one side or the other.

The photo below shows the Line of Flight (the cord on the approach); the Center of Gravity of the horseshoe directly over the Line of Flight (the plumb from horseshoe to Line of Flight); the horseshoe resting on my right leg with fully extended arm.

Center of Gravity with shoe against the right leg

Center of Gravity with shoe against the right leg

Tip 7 — Using the Horseshoes Effective Width

The actual width of the opening of a horseshoe is restricted by the NHPA to 3-1/2″ when the opening is measured at a point 3/4″ from the tips of the hooks. They permit an additional 1/8″ for used horseshoes. However, there is an “effective width”. That is the width that you should consider for pitching purposes. Using the 3-1/2″ above provides an effective width of 5-3/4″. How is that possible? The photo below describes the “effective width”.

Effective Width

The importance of using “effective width” is to give you a little fudge factor or correct an arrival problem. If your horseshoe is arriving a little to the left or right, use the “effective width” to pick your target a little left or right of normal to pick up a few more ringers. So, if you’re coming in a little left, move your target to the right a little. If you’re coming in a little right, move your target a little left. Normally, you try to throw the Center of Gravity of the horseshoe at the stake, but, in this case, use your fudge factor.

Tip 8 — A Horseshoe Blocks Your Way

There are instances where a horseshoe will block your way to the stake. This could be your first shoe or one of your competitors horseshoes. The goal is to hit higher on the stake. There are at least 4 easy ways to clear the propped horseshoe. Remember that the highpoint of flight to the stake is a function of the distance to the stake and release point from the ground. Using your normal swing speed and using one of the techniques below, will cause the horseshoe to arrive higher on the stake. You’ll need to experiment with which of the techniques works best for you.

1. Using your normal arm swing speed, release the horseshoe a little later in the upswing. Again, there is no need to increase your arm swing speed. Using this technique will cause the shoe to go higher and carry farther, thus hitting higher on the stake.

2. Raise the hub of your swing. The hub of your swing is your shoulder. Raising the hub (shoulder) will cause the shoe to be released higher from the ground which increases height of the arc, and carries the shoe higher at arrival. Remember, the highpoint of flight is dictated by the distance from the stake and the height from the ground of the horseshoe when released. Raising your hub increases the release height from the ground. This requires you to raise your shoulder at setup and keep it raised through delivery.

3. Move a little closer to the foul line and use your normal release. In this case, you are releasing the horseshoe at the same location relative to the ground, but closer to the stake. Thus, your high point is closer to the stake.

4. When you take your stance on the approach, lean back a little and put more weight on your trailing foot. Without changing your release point relative to your normal swing, will allow the horseshoe to be released higher, thus carrying the horseshoe higher. This is different than number 1. above, since you’re not releasing later, just higher.

Tip 9 — Reading the Stake

Making note of the condition of any stake is important. If you are a flip pitcher and a stake hitter, (you know who you are), you’ll need to pay particular attention to the condition of any stake. When you arrive at the venue, take a look at the alignment of the stakes down through all of the pits and make sure they all have the proper lean. If you see one or more stakes that are not leaning properly, you may have to deal with a broken or loose stake. Keep it in mind. Making your target the bottom of the stake is a good idea under all circumstances, but, particularly in the case of a loose stake. Keeping your horseshoe in single point range is important.

It is not unusual to find a stake a little loose, which will definitely affect your impact results. If pitching in clay, and before turning it, look at the base of the stake. All stakes will move backwards and rebound slightly during the course of a match. If you see a gap between the back of the stake and the clay of 1″ or more, check the stake. First, reach down and grab it in hand and see if it feels loose. Next, tap it with your horseshoe and see if has a “clunk” sound, instead of a normal “ring”. If it’s too loose, call it to the attention of the venue official. You may have to move to another court. If not really bad, just make allowances for the condition. A loose stake will tend to rebound stronger like a trampoline effect when hit, thus, throwing horseshoes back at you. Your best solution when dealing with a loose stake, is to concentrate on hitting the stake no higher than 6″ above the clay or sand surface. The mounting employed during installation is an important factor in the reaction of any stake when and where hit.

Tip 10 — Marking the Approach

There has always been a little controversy about marking the approach. If you can do it, do so. Carry along a tailor’s tape, the kind that can be rolled up and a little piece of chalk, colored if you like, to mark the approach. If you are unsure, check with the TD. Naturally, you’ll need to know your approach measurements before you arrive. Just be prudent when making your mark. Just a small line should suffice. In all of the tournaments I’ve pitched in, there has never been an objection to doing so. In my first Pro Tour event I saw this for the first time and there was no objection raised. It’s a good idea if you can do it. I don’t normally mark the approach as I know where to position my feet relative to the left edge and right corner of the approach. In one case, however, it was necessary when there was no approach marking and right corner was not indicated for 30 foot pitching. In this case, I used my horseshoe to mark the indicators.

Tip 11 — Developing a Swing Cadence

A swing cadence is a good way to direct your concentration on your pitching and deal with any distractions around the pits. Finding a smooth rhythm/cadence is important. I have tried the metronome, but, it is not something you can take along to a tournament. Normally, a cadence or rhythm is worthwhile if you use the rhythm to swing up, back and forward to release in continuous movement. It is more difficult if you normally start with a stationary address position. If you choose to use a cadence, then either use a count, i.e., 1 and 2 and 3, for “1 and” up, “2 and” back and “3 and” release. Or, you might want to use a song such as the “Skater’s Waltz” for the smooth mental rhythm it invokes. I have found during tournaments that there are many distractions behind the pits. It would be helpful if you concentrated visually on the base of the stake AND use a count mentally. That’s a good way to blot out all of the distractions. Setting my Visual Alignment Point above the activity sometimes works for me. You really need two ways to blot out distractions, one to take care of your mind and the other your eyes.

Tip 12 — Using the non-dominant eye.

During your next practice, try using your non-dominant eye for setup and alignment. Close your dominant eye and view the stake with your non-dominant eye. Without opening your dominant eye, try pitching at the stake. You should feel a strange feeling in your delivery. Did you hit the stake? Try again. Did your horseshoe go at the stake? Do this with your first 5 or 10 pitches. Next time, stop at your address position and open your dominant eye. You should see your address position is way to the left of the stake. How can you explain that your address position was way to the left of the stake and yet you hit it every time you released the horseshoe?

You are basically re-routing your arm swing and forcing yourself to swing out to the right. You might want to use a different address position in the future. I will use this revelation to offer another option as a Method in the future.

I am adding the following comments on the 16th of August. After you have tested the ability to hit the stake using the non-dominant eye, give the following a test. Now that you’ve tested the non-dominant eye, try the dominant eye. This time go through the same process as with the non-dominant eye, but, use the dominant eye only. Were you able to hit the stake using the dominant eye only repeatedly? Yes? So far, so good.

Now, use both eyes open and try releasing at the stake. Are you missing consistently to one side? Yes? Check out binocular vision. You may need to alter your aim point. I regret I cannot remember who made the comment, possibly Ted Allen or Carl Steinfeldt, that their aim point was 2-1/2 inches to the right of the stake. Try placing a secondary stake to the left or right of the primary stake at the back of the pit and a couple of inches either way to the opposite side of the stake. For instance, if you consistently miss left, try placing your secondary stake to the right of the stake. I paint mine OSHA yellow and use it as my aim point. Good Luck

Tip 13 — Consistent Body Alignment

Establishing and maintaining correct body alignment is the best way to insure your delivery and release is the same every time. Most pitchers are pretty good at placing their feet about the same each time, but, how about your upper body alignment? Are your shoulders oriented the same each time? If you miss the stake to the left or right without explanation, perhaps your shoulder alignment is not the same every time. Try this little tip when practicing. Buy yourself a nice shirt that has a vertical line running from your adam’s apple to your navel. When you position your feet on the approach make sure the middle of your body is consistently the same each time. Experiment to see what upper body rotation works best for you relative to your feet and your vertical line. Remember you are only working with about 1 degree of misalignment to miss the stake completely.

Tip 14 — Is your back swing too long?

Is it better to be accelerating or decelerating your forward swing? Remember the old adage, “if you don’t have to move it, don’t, if you do need to move it, make it as little as possible.” It is possible that you may be able to reduce misses if you only move your arm the necessary distance during the address, backswing and delivery. In most sporting events that involves throwing something, it is necessary to involve the momentum of the body. If you stand at the foul line and try to throw your horseshoe 27 or 37 feet, you will immediately feel your body wanting to add the effort necessary to get the horseshoe the required distance. The question is — how much effort do you actually need?

During your next practice session try altering how much you raise the arm during the address position. Start by raising the horseshoe aligned to the front of the approach during the address and begin the backswing from that position. In this instance, it is helpful to start the downswing with a bend at the waist. Take your normal stride forward and see how far the horseshoe travels. Don’t give up too quickly, just add a little later release to get the horseshoe to the stake. Continue creeping your alignment point forward by 3-4″, until you find the alignment point that gives you a short ringer and consider that alignment point #1. Continue creeping forward with the alignment point until hitting midway up the stake and consider that point #3. The alignment point halfway between points #1 and #3 should be considered as your alignment point. That will give you a point that permits your arriving a little short and a little long as a happy medium and still gives you a choice for clearing propped shoes. An added bonus will be your discovery of a technique that requires less effort, more accuracy and softer landing.

E-mail me if you have questions.

Table of Contents

The Search For My Perfect Swing — Part 50

My Better Way

Part 50 is available as a PDF download from at URL

It is my belief that anyone using proper technique from 30 feet should be able to throw a ringer every time.

This was a comment I made in Part 4 of my blog on August 13, 2008. I would like to qualify that statement by saying, “it’s one thing to throw a ringer, it’s another to keep it.”

Constant 6 — The Stride. None! If you are a 30 foot pitcher there should be no reason to stride.

This constant was the toughest to solve. The difficulty was being able to pitch a horseshoe under control, without a stride. It was apparent that I needed to strengthen my shoulder, legs and core to eliminate the stride and maintain my balance throughout the delivery from a stationary stance.

Some History

In 2008 I began this blog. It was an effort to chronicle my struggle to find “My Way”. It started with a frustrating first night of pitching horseshoes in an American Legion league. I had zero ringers in three games with 108 attempts at throwing one. My blog now covers 8 years of the search. It has been a fruitful, yet, sometimes frustrating search. My goal has always been, “constant” improvement. Sometimes there are obstacles that interfere with this goal. I’ll cover those as we proceed through this paper. This article, which will become Part 50 of my blog, will describe a method that I don’t think I can improve on, and eliminates those obstacles.

As a computer programmer for 35 years, I felt the key to success was the establishment of constants, and the reduction of variables by changing them to constants. In simple terms, it would be like taking my left foot position at a precise location on the approach every time. As an example, I cited the use of dots on a bowling approach which are used to set your feet properly, prior to striding forward. This would be considered your constant. You would “constantly” set to this dot every first ball.

So, I set out to change every variable to a constant. I broke down the art of pitching horseshoes into it’s various parts. The result was Part 4 of my blog. I ultimately established the Line of Flight (LOF), Visual Alignment Point (VAP), Pendulum Swing, Drop Angle, Launch Angle, Back Swing Stop Point (BSSP), Alignment Point (AP), High Point of Flight, and the use of the Center of Gravity of the horseshoe. All described and referenced many times in my blog.

At the beginning in 2008, I pitched a single turn from 40 feet. Actually, a single turn or rotation was “natural” for me, as a carryover of my method of bowling as a young duckpin bowler. I would take the typical flip grip and turn the horseshoe one complete revolution. I was not yet pitching from 30 feet, but, the time was coming, sooner than I expected. A knee injury made the decision for me and my 70th birthday in December qualified me to switch to the Elder Class and pitch from 30 feet. This move up to 30 feet became both a blessing and a curse. I caution those considering the move up to 30 feet to understand all that that entails, both pro and con. Women pitching from 30 feet already face some of these challenges. I will cover some of them throughout this paper. A couple of photos later will help to define those obstacles and a little additional information finishes this paper.

I had noted that 40 foot turn pitchers, when moving up to 30 feet, did not move all the way up on the approach. I personally couldn’t see giving up distance just to continue turning the horseshoe. Perhaps if I had been throwing the turn for 10 or 15 years I would have been reluctant to make the change. I tried a variety of flips and turns, i.e., 1/3 turn, 3/4 turn, 3/4 reverse, 1-1/2 flip, flip-turn, and single flip. I settled on the single flip with Snyder EZ Flips and took full advantage of the 30 foot shorter distance. By the end of 2010, my ringer average had reached a tad under 60%. I began pitching in the Pro Tour events along with most of the NHPA tournaments in Maryland.

Continued improvement has always been my goal and I was not continuing to improve. I am basically at the same ringer average as I reached in 2010.

It didn’t take long before I realized that there were many times when I simply could “not” use my normal constants on the approach, such as the positions for my feet, or taking a normal stride. I simply had to find, “My Better Way”. It has been a fruitful, yet, sometimes frustrating search. As mentioned, my goal has always been, “constant” improvement, both literally and figuratively.

The one constant that seemed to elude me, which I mentioned above, was the “no stride” delivery. I tried a variety of stances, left foot forward, martial arts stance, feet parallel to the stake, using the left approach or right approach. I just didn’t seem able to maintain my balance when swinging from address to back swing and forward swing to release. I simply needed the stride to give me the impetus to throw the shoe under control the 27+ feet.

I continued to visit my local gym 2-3 times per week and decided to try to strengthen the muscles of my shoulders, specifically for pitching horseshoes. I threw in a couple of exercises at the cable deck that simulated the swing forward from back to front. During this time I was continuing to design horseshoes, primarily for the flip pitcher. I was able to design horseshoes that had symmetrical hook caulks that permitted the horseshoe to be turned or flipped with thumb caulk up or down. One such horseshoe was the Patriot.

In August this year, I began experimenting again with the 1-1/2 flip with the Patriot and much to my surprise…it worked. I had used the 1-1/2 flip with Snyder EZ Flips in 2008 for a short time. I switched full time to the 1-1/2 flip with the Patriot prior to the Maryland State Singles. I had a couple of games in the 72% percent range and won a second place in the Elder Class. I also used the 1-1/2 flip to win the Maryland Senior Olympics in my age group. My ringer percentage was even better in that event. I was using my normal stride in both events, as they both had permanent concrete approaches.

Recently, I had a case of shin splints, swollen ankles and a bone spur that made it painful to stride forward on the approach. My only option…the no stride or stationary stance. This gave me an opportunity to combine changes in setup, alignment and grip to produce what I consider the “proper technique” for me, which I mentioned in Part 4 written back in 2008, and mentioned in the first sentence of this article above.

There are 3 aspects to this method. They are the grip, stance and body alignment while standing at the 27 foot foul line.

It all starts with the Pendulum Swing which swings down an imaginary line called the “Line Of Flight”. The LOF defines the directional line which the horseshoe needs to follow to insure a straight line flight at the stake at release. When practicing, it is a stretchable cord that goes from the stake to the approach. When I take my stance, I want the Center of Gravity of my horseshoe to be directly over that LOF. The LOF, Pendulum Swing and Center of Gravity are all constants. Let’s start by defining the Pendulum Swing.

The Pendulum Swing

You can think of the Pendulum Swing as swinging your arm like the pendulum of a grandfather clock. In general, the pendulum is a straight shaft without joints and terminated with a weight. It swings in a straight line from left to right without deviation. Further, at rest it hangs straight down vertically and perpendicular to the ground. Can you swing your arm like a pendulum? Absolutely. See Image 1 below. Think of the hub as your shoulder, the shaft as a fully extended arm, and the weight as the horseshoe.


Image 1

It is fairly easy to determine when your arm is hanging vertically downward. First, extend your arm fully without bend at the elbow. Step to a door jamb and touch your shoulder to the jamb and also touch the back of your hand to the same jamb. When they’re both touching, it’s vertical. From this position pay attention to how far the hand is away from the leg. You’ll use this hand location when we discuss the Natural Grip.

The wheel on the right in Image 2 below, demonstrates that a horseshoe released early or late is still on line if your arm swing is down the line. The wheel on the left, which is rotated off line slightly, demonstrates that a horseshoe that is released off line early, may be to the right while a horseshoe released late, may go left. Please note the implication of this graphic. The wheel is turning at a constant rate. A horseshoe released early goes shorter than a shoe released later if the rotational speed is constant. If a horseshoe is blocking your way, it is only necessary to release later, without additional effort using your normal arm speed. There is no need to throw the horseshoe harder to arrive higher.


Image 2

The Natural Grip

The Natural Grip begins from a normal stance. Photo 1 below shows my normal stance with right arm relaxed with my thumbs turned in toward the leg. The distance your hands hang naturally relative to your leg, is dependent on the width of your shoulders. The size of your lats and triceps will also play a role in how your arms hang. The Natural Grip is a grip that can be taken that maintains your normal arm hang. The typical flip grip doesn’t do it.

Photo 1

Photo 1

Photo 2 below shows that the relaxed arm when fully extended, continues straight down and does not swing out away from the body. The act of swinging a weight (horseshoe) will cause the arm to straighten slightly by way of centrifugal force. It is important that the swing arc does not deviate by swinging off line. A pendulum swing offers the best method to remain on the Line of Flight and remain close to the body and vertical.

Photo 2

Photo 2

Photo 3

Photo 3

In Photo 3 above, the horseshoe is gripped with the typical flip grip. Normally, the hand is rotated clockwise and the thumb is about 3-1/2 inches to the right of the leg. The rotation of the palm clockwise causes the right elbow to turn inward toward the body and the hand moves away from the leg. As the arm extends due to centrifugal force the straightening of the arm pushes the horseshoe even further to the right. Your arm is no longer in a straight line and vertical.

It is difficult to keep a horseshoe going straight down the LOF, if your arm is not hanging straight down and vertical. The tilted arc that occurs, will produce erratic results depending on where the horseshoe is when released. Think of how difficult it is to hit a golf ball straight down the middle when swinging the club on a tilted plane. If you hit the ball early, it’s leaving to the right, hitting late leaves to the left, either generally with an unwanted spin.

If your swing arc is vertical and down the LOF, the worst that can happen is the horseshoe will arrive too short or too long. However, your direction will be correct. You only have about 5-3/4 inches to work with, relative to the stake, to throw a ringer. You only need to be about 3” to the left or right to miss a ringer.

If you take the typical flip grip and rotate your hands all the way into the palms up position, it is virtually impossible to dangle your arm in a straight line and vertical. The problem is the rotation into that position causes the elbow to rotate further inward toward the body and causes a larger angle and tilted plane away from the body. Unfortunately, it’s just the way your arms normally work.

The 1-1/2 Flip and Grip

Photo 4

Photo 4

Photo 4 above shows the 1-1/2 flip grip with fully extended arm. Note the similarity between the relaxed and extended arm in Photo 2. Basically, this grip does not alter the location of the hands and horseshoe from the relaxed position without horseshoe. Now, compare this hand position relative to the leg that is shown in Photo 3 when taking the flip grip. There is no unnatural arm rotation with the 1-1/2 flip grip as compared to the arm rotation needed with the normal flip grip.

In Photo 4, I am gripping the Patriot. The Patriot has neutral hook caulks which are symmetrical on both sides. I prefer to use the 1-1/2 grip with the thumb caulk up. This causes the thumb calk to hit the ground first, as I normally over-rotate the shoe slightly and hit the back end first. This tends to slow down the forward movement of the horseshoes as it arrives at the stake. I would rather have the back end hit first and scoot forward rather than hitting the hooks first. It really is a personal choice, you can just as easily grip with the thumb caulk down.

The arrow shown in Photo 4 passes through the Center of Gravity when the horseshoe is dangled from the hook caulk. The horseshoe will try to rotate back to it’s normal rotation, around the center of gravity. This adds a little additional rotational force when it hits the stake. This is similar to a turning shoe. This unsquare and rotational arrival helps reduce the loss of ringers when coming in too square and bouncing straight back.

When I used the traditional flip grip and release, I was always fighting an early release and short shoe as the traditional flip grip is more of a pinch grip between thumb and finger. If you try the hook caulk grip you will immediately feel you have much better control and feedback for the proper release. There is “no” slipping out of the fingers during the forward swing, as happens when the thumb caulk is slippery when pitching in wet clay. You will find that it is much easier to clean off the single hook caulk, as opposed to cleaning the thumb caulk area.

Photo 4 shows the horseshoe perpendicular to the leg at setup, which should continue to horizontal at address, and back to perpendicular to the leg as it passes on the way back to the Back Swing Stop Point. The orientation of the horseshoes should not change throughout the swing back and forward to release. Rotating the horseshoe very slightly clockwise when resting against the leg seems to give me a bit stronger grip feeling, but, I must concentrate to maintain that slight rotation throughout the swing. When I raise the horseshoe to the address position with that slight rotation has the left shank of the shoe slightly higher then the right. This slight rotation seems to extend my arm further and retains the extended arm fully.

Photo 5

Photo 5

Photo 5 above shows the horseshoe dangling from the hook caulk. I pitch with gloves and I am showing the grip positions without gloves for clarity. The grip is taken by simply placing the thumb on top, closing the index finger and wrapping the middle finger behind the hook with the tip of the middle finger locking onto the back of the hook caulk on the underside of the shoe. The point of the hook caulk is supported and locked into the area at the base of the thumb. See Photo 6 and 7.

Photo 6

Photo 6

Photo 6 shows the completed grip. Check out Photo 4 to show the grip taken showing the normal setup position with the horseshoe against the leg.

Resting the horseshoe against the leg is an important constant with this method. Not only is it the starting position, but, it’s the position to be repeated as the horseshoe is returned during the back swing and actually ticks the pant leg going by. This is also an audible constant and confirms that the horseshoe is still over the LOF.

Photo 7

Photo 7

Photo 7 above shows the side view of the completed grip. Note the location of the middle finger behind the back side of the hook caulk. Also note the location of the point of the hook caulk at the base of the thumb. The ring and little finger adds additional support on the underside of the hook.

Photo 8

Photo 8

Photo 8 shows the grip from the backside.

The Stance

The stance for this method is fairly unique. First, the stance is stationary without any stride. The right foot is placed into the right corner of the left approach. The left foot is to the left of the right and slightly behind. Photo 9 below shows the foot positioning for this method.

Photo 9

Photo 9

Photo 9 above shows the positioning of the left and right feet. However, I’m showing this foot positioning on the 37 foot foul line. There is no platform for the 30 foot pitchers at this venue. Photo 10 shows my actual foot positioning at the 27 foot foul line.

Photo 10

Photo 10

This is the 27 foot foul line. How do I know I’m at the right edge of the left approach? Look carefully, you’ll see the head of a nail in front of my right toe, nailed into the board. I put it there last year on each of the 27 foot foul line boards on 8 courts. I also nailed the right approach as well. If you are considering moving up to 30 feet, consider the condition of the courts you pitch on. It is very difficult, if not impossible, to setup constants on an approach when you don’t have a permanent one. This stance helps to deal with the lack of a permanent approach.

Unfortunately, this is not unusual. Many horseshoe pitching facilities suffer from this lack of 30 foot platforms.

Two years ago I pitched in the Maryland Senior Olympics at another location. There was no defined location for the 30 foot pitchers to pitch from. There was nothing. You did the best you could to pace off the 10 feet from the 37 foot foul line and try to visualize where the edges of the approach actually were located. I didn’t pitch at that facility the following year. Fortunately, it was relocated to the Elks facility on Kent Island, Maryland in 2014.

Photo 11

Photo 11

Here is another left hand approach. The foul line disappears underground to the right. It made no sense to have a setup and delivery with a stride for permanent approaches, and one trying to find a setup and stride with the issues cited without an approach. So, based on these approach issues, I decided to go to the stationary stance without a stride for future pitching. Fortunately, it has become an improvement rather than a hindrance.

The Setup and Delivery

From the stance above, I shift “all” of my weight to my right foot. With all of the weight on my right foot, my left foot is raised slightly, so the toe barely touches the ground. Every bit of weight is now resting on my right foot. This causes my body to naturally tilt to the right, placing my head very close to looking straight down the line. While practicing, I use the over and under cords, on and over the Line of Flight.

I have found that I can fine tune my setup by moving my left foot forward or back depending on how my balance feels at setup.

The address starts with the horseshoe resting against my right leg with a fully extended arm. My left arm is resting comfortably inside my left thigh. I swing up to my Visual Alignment Point (VAP). My VAP is correct when the left shank of the horseshoe is visually above the right edge of the stake and when my arm is horizontal to the ground.

When I feel perfectly balanced on the my right foot/leg, I start the downswing, and tick my pant leg going by, and carry the horseshoe to my Back Swing Stop Point (where the horseshoe naturally stops it’s backward swing). I like to start my flip rotation as I begin my forward swing. I concentrate on a nice soft flight and landing, concentrating on maintaining my balance. It really surprises me that it is fairly easy to maintain my balance throughout the entire swing.

The technique is effective because it eliminates the cause of many misses…the stride. Think about all of the things that can go wrong when you are making a stride forward. For example, your arm swing, stride forward and foot plant are not synchronized; or, you move forward too slowly or quickly; or, you stride off line; or dip your head and release too low; or, allow your shoulder to rotate counter-clockwise when you step forward with the opposite leg. The no stride method can eliminate all of these potential problems.

Furthermore, the stationary stance produces a circular swing arc without backward or forward movement. It couldn’t get simpler.

The 30 Foot Pitcher

If you are considering moving up to 30 feet, make sure you have plenty of other 30 foot pitchers to pitch against. If you intend to pitch in NHPA sanctioned tournaments, be aware of the tournament guidelines. The NHPA allows the Tournament Directors the right to set the rules for their local tournaments. If the TD’s set a no Class mixing policy, you may find you have no one to pitch against. This generally means that 30 foot Elder Class A pitchers cannot pitch against Class A 40 foot pitchers, regardless of ringer average. There are a number of informal clubs in my area that will not permit 30 foot pitchers of any kind, either male or female.

Perhaps one day the NHPA will take a good hard look at the issue of 30 foot and 40 foot pitchers competing. It is an issue that needs to be solved for the sake of horseshoe pitching in general.

The horseshoe court images I presented earlier are indicative of the challenges you may face when moving up. Keep in mind, the method I’ve described gives you an option for overcoming poor pit conditions and also gives you an opportunity to improve your ringer average. Eliminating the stride converts one more major variable to a constant. Actually, there are a number of potential errors committed during the stride and release that are eliminated with the stationary stance.

The method described above is an excellent method to try if you’re having leg problems or if wearing a leg brace or prosthesis. If you are able to use a traditional grip for the flip or turn, give the stationary stance a try. However, check out that 1-1/2 flip, it may just work, but, not every horseshoe is a candidate for the 1-1/2 flip grip. Good Luck

I’m looking forward to the 2015 pitching season.

E-mail me if you have questions.

Table of Contents

The Search For My Perfect Swing — Part 49

Method 5 — Down the Line

The following paragraphs are page 1 of the PDF file linked below entitled “Down the Line”. I decided that I wanted to put together a topic that had all information in one place. So, the PDF has all information included and does not require you refer to a previously discussed topic. If you select the URL below you will be able to read the file online, but, you can also download the PDF to your own system and print it out if interested. It is 20 pages that describes a unique method of pitching. The right hand approach for right handed pitchers is recommended over the left approach. This is primarily due to the setup requirement of this method. Please feel free to contact me if you require any clarification of this method.

The following information is page 1 of the PDF.

Down the Line Page 1

What does it mean “Down the Line”?

If you were asked to point at an object in the distance, the tip of your finger would align with your eyes to the object. However, if someone standing behind you looked down your arm, you would actually be pointing well left of the object. This variable exists because your eyes and arm are about 10-11 inches from your nose. There is always “that angle” between the eyes, arm and object. You must mentally make the adjustment to account for the angle “Off the Line”.

To be “Down the Line” means that at setup, your eyes, shoulder, arm and horseshoe are in line and vertically over the Line of Flight (LOF). Further, when delivered, the horseshoe follows the LOF under your eyes and directly at the stake. Is that actually possible?

Yes! With the proper stance and body alignment, you can actually pitch directly at what you’re looking at. There is no angle to consider. So, if you pointed your finger at an object with the proper setup, anyone standing behind you would see your pointing finger and arm are actually pointing directly at the object. In this case, the stake.

The remainder of this process of “Down the Line”, is how to achieve this setup, stride forward and delivery of the horseshoe directly over the LOF and under your eyes to the stake.

The process begins by setting up a few props to help insure that your body is positioned properly and your eyes/head accurately move directly at the stake. Below is a photo of the 4 props necessary to setup your pit properly. Substitute as necessary, but, replace with an equivalent prop.

This technique uses the RIGHT approach.

Select the URL to read the entire 20 page description of the method: “Down the Line” NOTE: This is a new URL created on 8 September. Your previous URL will not now work.

Further editing will be added to Part 49. I just wanted to get it out quickly.

The Search For My Perfect Swing — Part 48

Drop Angle

The information that appears in this part has been discussed before, but, scattered throughout various parts. I am presenting the consolidation of the information in one place due to it’s importance in your enjoyment of horseshoe pitching. Nothing can be more frustrating than beating your opponent with ringers and losing because of lost single points. So, I’m cautioning you now, if you pitch against a turn pitcher and you’re a flip pitcher and you are of equal ringer averages, you will lose points to the turn pitcher, unless you pay attention to Drop Angle.

It is my opinion that, Drop Angle is the most important aspect of horseshoe pitching. Unfortunately, it’s the aspect most ignored. However, it will determine whether you are a successful horseshoe pitcher or not. Why? You will tend to develop bad habits that will be difficult to correct later. Advice to the new pitcher — work on Drop Angle first. Advice to the experienced pitcher — work to improve it.

Drop Angle can determine if you receive a point for closest to the stake, how softly the horseshoe arrives, whether your shoe is rejected at the stake, and how the pit material effects results. If you are a flip pitcher, the Drop Angle is even more important to save those all important single points. If you are a beginning horseshoe pitcher, this aspect of pitching should be the aspect of most importance, whether you’re flipping or turning.

It is my goal in this part to convince you that, proper Drop Angle, is the key to success whether flipping or turning. Once you have perfected your Drop Angle, you can make the necessary grip adjustments to have the shoe arrive open either as flipped or turned.

If you start out as a flipper and throw the shoe low and hard you will forever have problems with perfectly thrown ringers that are rejected and bounce back. If pitching in sand, you will constantly face shoes that slide all the way to the backstop.

What is Meant by Drop Angle?

It is the angle of arrival of a falling object during the last few feet of travel and is relative to the horizontal plane. If you Drop a horseshoe or any other object onto a horizontal surface, the Drop Angle would be 90 degrees. If you were to toss the horseshoe or object onto a horizontal surface, the Drop Angle would be less than 90 degrees. Keep in mind that the lower the angle of arrival, the more the horseshoe or object would want to slide, very little in clay and much more in sand/dirt.

Most beginning horseshoe pitchers will begin pitching in sand or dirt or even gravel. It is easy to develop the bad habit of sliding horseshoes in to the stake, pitching the horseshoe very low and with excessive speed. All bad habits and difficult to correct. You only need to pitch in your first NHPA sanctioned tournament with clay as pit material, to realize that your technique won’t work if you’ve not paid attention to Drop Angle. It is better to start out properly and develop a style that can be used in any pit material. That is why Drop Angle is so important.

The graph and banner at the top of this part, shows the flight of a horseshoe from release to landing. The plot points define the location of the center of gravity of the horseshoe. It represents a single example of a horseshoe released 25.5 feet from the stake and 3 feet off the ground and reaching a highpoint at 6.75 feet. The gaps between points represents the travel of the horseshoe every 1/100 of a second. Note that the gap is very close together as the horseshoe slows down as it reaches the top of it’s flight. Also note that as the horseshoe begins to Drop toward the stake, the gap widens as the horseshoe increases it’s speed as it drops.

Proper Drop Angle Benefits

Points — If you are pitching in a match where points are recorded, it is important to use a pitching technique that gives you the best opportunity to accumulate those single points. Keep in mind that a single point can determine a win or loss. Proper Drop Angle is the key. To secure a single point you must first keep your horseshoe in the scoring circle. See below. The scoring circle is a circle 13″ in diameter around the stake that is within the 6″ limit of a point. Any horseshoe touching or within the scoring circle is a potential point. The fact is, a horseshoe pitcher using the turn style of pitching will most often be within the scoring circle on every horseshoe pitched. For the flip pitcher, proper Drop Angle will determine if your horseshoe has the best chance of remaining in the scoring circle.

Consider this — If you are a 50% ringer average pitcher, that means half of your horseshoes thrown are ringers…what about the other 50% that weren’t? What if you pitched a 50 shoe match and threw 25 ringers, how many of the remaining 25 shoes were winning points? If you decide you want to be a flip pitcher, you better spend equal time working on single points as you do on ringers.

13 Inch Scoring Circle

13 Inch Scoring Circle

Soft Landing — A horseshoe that comes in from the proper height and Drop Angle tends to arrive more softly at the stake. When a shoe arrives at the stake properly it actually has a different sound when it lands. It is very odd, but, you’ll recognize the difference in sound immediately. I can only assume it is the sound of the shoe sliding down the stake at impact as opposed to the sound of a lower arriving shoe and more direct impact. You will experience the added benefit of fewer rejections or bounce back when the shoe arrives.

Scoring Points — As previously mentioned. A shoe that arrives from the proper Drop Angle has the best chance of staying in the scoring circle and picking up points.

30 to 45 Degrees

The proper Drop Angle is a shoe arriving between 30 and 45 degrees. The calculation is based on a location no higher than 6″ on the stake. The two images below represent the value of shoes arriving at a minimum of 30 degrees and a maximum of 45 degrees. It is a fact that a shoe thrown at a 45 degree launch angle will carry the farthest with the least amount of effort. If you want to prove this fact, test it with your garden hose next time you’re watering. The force of the water in the hose will not change, but, the maximum distance the water will travel is when the hose is aimed up at a 45 degree angle. 45 degrees is the maximum. If you increase the launch angle the water will fall shorter than at a 45 degree launch angle. IT is accepted that no matter what you throw, it will travel it’s maximum distance if launched at 45 degrees.

NOTE: — The previous paragraph provides a clue to situations where you or your opponent has left a horseshoe braced against the front of the stake. One way to clear that horseshoe is to increase your launch angle by simply releasing the shoe just a little later in your release. You don’t have to increase your effort to carry the shoe a bit further, just increase your launch angle by releasing the shoe later. It is a fact that you can throw your shoe further by applying the same effort as normal, but, releasing later. The tendency is to throw the shoe harder to carry it further. This is not necessary, simply releasing a little later will accomplish the same results without increasing your effort, or, raise the hub (shoulder) of your swing to do the same thing.

The two images below represent the value of shoes arriving with a Drop Angle of 30 degrees and 45 degrees. To see larger images of each, select the image and double click. The image immediately below shows the horseshoe arriving at a Drop Angle of 30 degrees and the horseshoe remaining within the scoring circle if arriving 6″ up the stake.


The image below represents the Drop Angle of 45 degrees. Compared to the 30 Degree Drop image, the horseshoe lands closer to the stake and can hit the stake much higher and still remain in the scoring circle.


Practice Aids

Below are two excellent teaching aids that will help develop the proper Drop Angle while practicing. The first is a 15″ used tire that can be placed around the stake. The goal is to drop the shoe into the tire without hitting the sidewall as it arrives. I also removed the sidewall on the bottom of the tire to keep from collecting water and cut a notch large enough to see the base of the stake from the approach.

15" Used Tire

15″ Used Tire

Also below is an image of a tamper which has a 8″x8″ base and is 44″ high. Positioning the tamper as indicated, relative to the stake is an excellent aid to be placed on your Line of Flight at the distance indicated to practice direction and Drop Angle control. You can keep the tire in the pit as an additional aid.

Tamper Positioning for 30 and 45 Degree Drop Angle

Tamper Positioning for 30 and 45 Degree Drop Angle

Using either or both of these aids will help get the feel for developing the proper Drop Angle to salvage those all important single points, promote a soft landing and reduce those perfect ringers that bounce back off the stake.

I hope that I have convinced you that Drop Angle is an important part of a successful match when pitching horseshoes. Single points can easily cost you a tournament. Unless you are planning on pitching exclusively in HP Pro Tour events where ringers only count, you will need to get your share of single points in cancellation or count all tournaments. Good Luck

E-mail me if you have questions.

Table of Contents

The Search For My Perfect Swing — Part 47

Method 4

If you’ve ever wanted to find a method that is simple and easily repeatable, try Method 4. Note: I recommend you check the images at the end of this part for a preview of what will be described. I switched to Method 4 a month prior to winning my last NHPA sanctioned tournament.

Method 4 adheres to all that I consider important, i.e., simple repetition, pendulum swing, Line of Flight, Visual Alignment Point, fully extended arm, stride length and balanced delivery.

As hard as I’ve tried, I have not been able to ignore any activity that exists behind the distant pit. Method 4 takes care of that problem as well.

Goals for Method 4

When I was trying to develop the geometry for this method I established a series of goals that I felt were important to encourage a simple series of steps that gave me the best chance of success. The following is a list of those goals in no particular order. Method 4 includes all of the goals listed.

Utilizing fixed points on the approach.

A simple and relaxed stance and body alignment.

A pendulum swing with fully extended arm.

Maintaining the shoulder relationship to the Line of Flight (LOF).

Establishing a straight line between shoulder and stake.

Establishing the stake as the Visual Alignment Point. NOTE: Your personal VAP may change, see further comment below.

Taming unnecessary shoulder rotation.

Moving the head directly at the stake.

An early planting of the striding foot.

A balanced release position.

Ability to move geometry to any position on either approach.

The setup, address and delivery described below adhere to the goals set above.

Setting Up Your Practice Approach

I set up my practice pit as follows — use a 2″x4″x6′ and a 2″x6″x6′. Drill holes at the front and back of each board and use long galvanized gutter nails to secure the boards to the ground. Be careful — know where your electrical and phone lines are located. If concerned, pickup 6 plastic tent spikes from any store supplying camping equipment.

Step 1 — Nail to the ground a 2″x4″x6′ board that runs along the left edge of the right approach 18″ from the stake (see below).

Step 2 — Place an “X” 39″ from the foul line and 15″ from the left edge of the approach.

Step 3 — Draw a cord from the stake passing over the “X” and anchored behind the right approach. This is the Line of Flight (LOF) cord.

Step 4 — Slide a 2″x6″x6′ board centered under the cord and nail it to the ground.

Step 5 — Mark where the cord passes over the front of the pit and anchor the cord just outside the pit. Eliminate the slack over the board.

The Setup

The red footprints represents the Setup position. The Setup is achieved as follows:

1. Take your normal grip.

2. Place your left foot along the left edge of the right approach with your heel aligned with the stake at 36″ behind the foul line. In practice along the 2×4.

3. Place your right foot 12″ to the right of the left edge of the right approach. Angle it at 30 degrees with the ball of your foot at 39″ behind the foul line.

4. Rest the horseshoe against your right leg. In practice your right foot rests against the 2×6 and the horseshoe straddles the LOF at 39″ behind the foul line.

5. This Setup puts your upper body comfortably rotated clockwise.

This completes your Method 4 Setup.

The Address

The Address position is a continuation of the Setup position. The Visual Alignment Point (VAP) is the (right side of the stake)* from your viewpoint. *Comment: If using the stake as your VAP and the shoe continues to go left, you may need to move your Line of Flight and VAP rightward until your shoe arrives directly at the stake. Your physique may dictate that you naturally swing your arm a bit further from your body (broad shoulders). When you grip the shoe and rest the shoe against your leg, your arm should be at 90 degrees when the Center of Gravity of the shoe is directly over the Line of Flight. I recommend that you move the LOF rightward until your naturally hanging arm with shoe in hand is vertical over the Line of Flight. Secondly, adjust your new VAP rightward. The height of your VAP depends on the necessary height to insure that your striding left foot is completed before the shoe leaves your hand. Experiment with the height starting at the base of the stake and move upward.

The Address position is completed when you raise the shoe to your established VAP. It is not recommended or necessary to keep your eyes on the VAP. You can swing your fully extended arm up to the VAP while fixing your eyes on the base of the stake. The lower on the stake you lock in, the less you see the activity behind the pit. I find 3″ from the base of the stake is a good neutral location. A little short or long keeps you in ringer range. From this position you would move to the Delivery phase.

The Delivery

The Delivery is what makes this method unique. The green footprints below represents the completed delivery stride forward. For practice, make note of the fact that the left foot hugs the edge of the 2×4 and the right foot moves only slightly forward along the 2×6.

The Delivery begins as follows.

The downswing begins with a very slow bow to the stake. Your head and eyes move down the stake without any movement left or right. It is only necessary to drop the head by 3″-4″.

Simultaneously the arm moves downward while still fully extended and the stride forward begins as your forward weight shifts with the bow toward the stake. This is a reactive movement based on your weight shift forward.

The back swing continues until it reaches it’s normal termination point. As your arm passes the right leg it needs to pass as closely as possible to the right leg. Ticking your pant leg is a good thing as long as it does not upset your back swing.

The next important aspect of this method is the quick plant of the right foot. Your right foot should not move more than 3″-4″ and end up on the ball of your foot.

Think of your head as the compass and your right foot as the rudder. It is extremely important that your nose, head and eyes move straight down the stake during the forward bow. The left foot should end up against the left edge of the approach and slightly short of the foul line. Your right foot needs to follow the Line of Flight for a very short distance to keep your right shoulder over the Line of Flight.

Completing your stride forward before you release the shoe allows you to establish your balance prior to releasing the shoe.

A bonus discovery. While practicing, I noticed that if I concentrated on keeping my right foot planted and only raising up on the ball of my right foot during delivery, the horseshoe arrived higher on the stake with a higher drop angle. I used this technique a number of times during my last tournament to drop the shoe in from a higher angle and over a blocking shoe.

Final Thoughts

Using the left or right approach is a personal choice, however, if you are a flip pitcher your shoe will arrive more squarely from the left approach over the right. If you are experiencing too many bounce backs, consider moving to the right approach. A shoe that arrives from the left approach tends to rotate clockwise when it hits the stake, while a shoe from the right approach tends to rotate in the opposite direction. This is important if you pitch in sand. Many times a shoe that comes in from the left will rotate around to the back of the stake and can be knocked backwards from another arriving shoe. If you pitch from the right approach and move your thumb rightward on the thumb calk, or even to the right of the thumb calk, your shoe will arrive more clockwise and reduce the tendency to rotate behind the stake. Experiment with the reaction of the shoe when in sand depending on whether it is wet or dry and how fine the consistency of the sand.

I designed the Warrior (USMC) to have an arc shaped thumb calk to allow the thumb to rest squarely on the thumb calk when placed to the left or right. If gripped to the right side, you can still pass the shoe close to your leg while a shoe gripped on the left side will tend to cause the left hook calk to hit your leg as it passes by.

Method 4 Right Approach Left Edge

Method 4 Right Approach Left Edge

Method 4 Right Approach Right Edge

Method 4 Right Approach Right Edge

Method 4 Left Approach Right Edge

Method 4 Left Approach Right Edge

Method 4 Left Approach Left Edge

Method 4 Left Approach Left Edge

Continue to Part 48 for a complete description of “Drop Angle”.

E-mail me if you have questions.

Table of Contents

The Search For My Perfect Swing — Part 46



Amazon Lead In

The Book entitled “Horseshoe Pitching With Precision” is now an EBook on Amazon. They have chosen to include the first 3 HTML files of the book as an introduction to its’ contents. I’ve chosen to duplicate the information for you the viewer of my blog. Part 45 introduced you to 5 pages from the printed spiral bound book selling on “The Book Patch”. The Cover for both the EBook and spiral bound printed book is shown above. The contents of the first 3 HTML files from the EBook follows.

Amazon — formatted for the Kindle line of eReaders. LINK==> Kindle eReader. Available for purchase now at $5.99.

The Rest of the Ebooks

An Ebook version is also available for virtually every eReader currently available. It can be ordered from … — provides EPUB and MOBI formats downloaded to your device. LINK==> Available now.

Apple’s iBookstore — formatted for the iPad and iPhone with Table of Contents. Available for purchase after 1 September.

Kobo — For the Canadian pitchers formatted for the Kobo eReader. LINK==> Kobo Books. Available now.

Barnes and Noble — formatted for the NOOK.
LINK==> NOOK. Available now.

ReaderStore — formatted for the Sony eReader. LINK==> Sony eReader. Available for purchase after 15 September.

Google ebookstore — formatted for the Google Nexus. LINK==> Nexus. Available now.

*************** EBook Sample *************


I dedicate this book to you, the lover of this sport, the volunteer who comes early, gets the pits ready and leaves late, while we, the competitors, enjoy a wonderful day of pitching horseshoes.  Thank You


Horseshoe Pitching With Precision


Robert E. Rasmussen


This is written from the perspective of a relatively new pitcher, i.e. I began pitching in August of 2010. Not being overly pleased with my pitching, I searched for information that would help me to develop some degree of proficiency. To my surprise there was almost nothing available to help a beginner.

By the close of my first year I’d accumulated no less than fourteen pair of horseshoes and had tried most every conceivable pitching technique possible from the input of well-meaning experienced pitchers. In the tournaments I began to develop some degree of proficiency, but nowhere near my expectations. I began to develop a bit of a love/hate relationship with the game. When things were going well, I loved the game. When things were not going well, I found myself becoming frustrated. Not just because I was not pitching well, but because I did not know “Why” I was not pitching well.

In my continued search for information I ran across (Horseshoes My Way) on the Internet. Unbeknown to myself at the time, I had found the place whereby I could eventually know “Why” the shoe went where it did, and thereby have an idea of how to correct an errant shoe.

Within the pages of this short book you’ll find information that will help you to improve your game and thereby find even more enjoyment in the game. There are ideas on training aids that will help you to troubleshoot and correct problems, as well as diagrams and text that will help you to better understand the mechanics of the game. You might say, “Well, I just pitch shoes for fun.” Great! But it’s more fun to be improving and it can be very frustrating to not pitch well and not know “Why”. I found that the more I understood “Why”, the less my frustration and the greater the enjoyment of the game.

Understanding the content of this book and putting it into practice will not insure that you never have a “bad day”, but it can certainly help you to dig yourself out when things are not going well.

I am thoroughly enjoying my new sport and the friendships that are now such a part of my enjoyment.

This is not just a “pitch” for a book, but an opportunity for me to personally thank its’ author for the many hours and research he put into it.

Dr. John R. Nay, Ph.D.

Prescott Valley, Arizona

Prolog — The “WHY”

This book began in the Fall of 2007. It started on my first night of horseshoe pitching when I scored a grand total of 18 points and 0 ringers for 3 games. 3 years later I had a 60% ringer average.

I also began a blog on WordPress to chronicle my search entitled, “Horseshoes My Way — The Search For My Perfect Swing” URL: To date, the blog contains 45 parts. This section makes 46.

It’s taken six years to gather all of the information. It’s included hours of slow motion video (many now on YouTube), tournament competition in both NHPA and HP Pro Tour events, testing and refining, working in the 3D world, designing and producing horseshoes to improve the ringer average of the struggling horseshoe pitcher.

It has all resulted in a spiral bound book I have entitled, “Horseshoe Pitching With Precision,” and this Ebook with the same name.

It is my belief, “you cannot determine WHY you’ve missed, unless you know WHY you didn’t”. IF you’re willing to put in the time, this book will help you learn a precise way, and determine the “Why”.


Developing a book for publication takes a huge amount of family time. So, I want to thank my wife and family for their unfailing support and continued encouragement. “How’s the book going?” meant they were in for a long discussion on something I was working on, and maybe a trip out to the pit for a little show and tell. They knew how important it was for me to complete this book, and pass on the love I have for the sport of horseshoe pitching. Thanks everyone.


Copyright © 2013 by Robert E. Rasmussen

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, scanned, or distributed in any printed or electronic form without permission.

First Edition: June 2013

Printed in the United States of America


“I threw a horseshoe into the air, it came to earth, I knew precisely where.” Author, M.E.

…when you grip a horseshoe to take your first pitch at a stake, every natural instinct you employ to accomplish that objective is wrong, absolutely wrong.

I paraphrased a commonly stated comment by Ben Hogan above. I believe it is just as true for horseshoe pitchers. Many mistakes made early in their learning, are now part of their method.

The book will cover several pitching methods in Section 1. However, every method will have a common theme, they all deal with constants, which are the keys to each method described.

It is not a difficult concept. If you have ever bowled and stepped up on the approach and stood over a specific dot every time you took your stance, that dot was your constant. There are dots or constants on the horseshoe pitching platform as well, I’ll show you where and how to use them.

So, in a nutshell, Constants are those values and positions that are absolute and unvarying. There is an image a little later called, Important Fixed Points that describes the location of all of the fixed points or constants, on the pitching platforms. Using constants in your method will help you determine why your arrival direction was off line. All terms mentioned, will be fully explained as you go.

We will cover one of the most important aspects of these methods…the Visual Alignment Point (VAP). Without the Visual Alignment Point, you will never be certain that you are following the target line which is called the Line of Flight (LOF). It is the VAP and the Pendulum Swing that insures that your horseshoe from setup, address position, swing back and delivery, remains precisely over the Line of Flight from beginning to end. The VAP is a point in the distance that is a constant, that you can always refer to, when you address either stake. We will make sure, through examples, where the VAP is located and how to find it. It is so important, I will start Section 1 with a full explanation of what it is and how to find and use it.

This book is a guide for beginning horseshoe pitchers, as well as the non-beginner. The information throughout this book pertains to right handed pitchers. If left handed, please reverse left to right and right to left (mirror image), that includes approaches.

This book will prove that “you cannot correct what you’re doing wrong, unless you know what you’ve done right”.

It is normally thought that you only need to deal with 3 aspects of horseshoe pitching, i.e., distance, direction and an open shoe at arrival. There are two additional and equally important considerations, drop angle and orientation of the arriving shoe. We will cover all 5.

This book is divided into three separate sections.

Section 0 – is for the horseshoe pitching beginner. It covers everything you need to know to get started such as horseshoes, turn vs flip, practice equipment, pit design, league play, tournaments, score keeping, etc.

Section 1 – deals specifically with three methods of PITCHING and the necessary information needed to support these methods. The purpose of Section 1 is to describe the three pitching techniques that will permit you to troubleshoot your reason(s) for a directional miss. You’ll never have to say, “I don’t know what I’m doing wrong!”.

Section 2 – deals with everything else horseshoe related. It will cover helping aids, practice methods, NHPA rules, horseshoes, grips, NHPA sanctioned tournaments, HP Pro Tour tournaments, drop angle, release point, court etiquette, emergency preparation, horseshoe design, high point, pitching grips, etc.

The Beginning — 2007

This book was almost complete, when I realized that I’d lost sight of the very reason for writing this book. You….the Beginner. So, I’ve added Section 0. Section 0 will start at the absolute beginning of everything that a beginner might want to know about horseshoe pitching. I guess it’s fitting that I call it Section 0, as “0%” was my ringer average after my first night of pitching in 2007.

In 2006 I was invited to join the American Legion. I decided to check out the local Legion posts and found that American Legion Post 7 in Crownsville, Maryland had a Winter billiards league and a Summer and Fall horseshoe league. Both sounded interesting, so, I joined the Summer of 2007.

I was too late for the start of the Summer horseshoe league, but, notified the league director that I was interested in the Fall league. I didn’t have a partner, so, he’d find one for me. As a matter of fact, I didn’t know the first thing about horseshoe pitching, just the memory of the sound of horseshoes in the backyard in the 40’s. My Dad had put up lights and horseshoe pits for the neighbors to stop by for an evening of horseshoe pitching after supper. I actually have my Dads old horseshoes, but, thought they might be a bit outdated.

I guess I needed some current horseshoes, so, it was off to the local billiards/darts/horseshoes store. Wow, I didn’t realize there were so many. A total of 8 different pairs. (Actually, the NHPA has 110 designs approved for pitching in 2013). I chose “Sidewinders”. They just felt good. Little did I know that my partner to be was a flipper and, couldn’t flip “Sidewinders.”

The first pitching night arrived and I showed up to meet my partner. My new partner pitched “Mustangs”, so, that’s what we pitched. In 3 games, 108 horseshoes thrown, not one ringer. My ringer average after week 1…0%. This book is the result of that first night in 2007.

Beginner or not, reading and understanding the Goals, is the road map to understanding the 3 Methods described in Section 1.

Method 1 describes a technique that takes advantage of our natural tendencies to swing our arms inward toward center from the right approach only.

Method 2 describes a technique that can be used anywhere on either approach, as long as you follow the geometry that permits it.

Method 3 is directed to the pitcher who, for whatever reason, cannot stride forward. It describes a stationary stance taken at the foul line.

Email me at I welcome any questions about anything in this book or perhaps you just want a clarification about a particular topic. Please contact me. Your questions may help to improve later revisions.


The goal of this book is to describe techniques that can be used to troubleshoot misses. “You will never know why you missed, unless you know precisely why you didn’t”. Doing everything precisely the same way every time, should be your goal. My goal is to define the steps that make it possible.

No matter what your method is, whether one described in this book, or, one of your own, you will have limited success unless you learn to control the three body movements listed below.

If you want to start with one, choose the Head. Your head is the heaviest part of your body and your eyes are attached to it.

Controlling the head – is the most important aspect of pitching horseshoes. The head is the rudder that not only controls the direction, but, the distance traveled by a released horseshoe. The head controls the shoulder, the shoulder the arm, the arm the horseshoe. Move the head and the horseshoe will follow.

Controlling shoulder rotation – uncontrolled shoulder rotation leads to misses left or right. As we walk, our shoulders naturally rotate inward toward center and toward the striding foot. Method 1 will take advantage of the rotation and Methods 2 and 3 will restrict your shoulder rotation.

Controlling footwork – the exact placement of your feet (stance) on the approach will define your body alignment, stride direction, stride length, and balance during delivery.

Geometry Development

The geometry described in Section 1 began with identifying the 3 goals described above. Not one single line, arc, or circle was drawn until all 3 goals above were established first.

Head Movement

The first consideration of the geometry was how to allow the head and eyes to move directly at the stake. This means that during the stride forward the head moves in a straight line to the stake. This is easily monitored in practice and competition.

If you move your head in a straight line at the target you eliminate potential directional problems. If your head moves left or right you will take your swinging arm with it.

Shoulder Rotation

You must learn to tame your shoulder rotation. In Method 1, we’ll use the tendency to rotate toward the striding leg, to your advantage. In Methods 2 and 3, we’ll restrict your shoulder rotation.


The stance and body alignment, is based on a strong and balanced position at setup and permits the stride forward to end in a strong and balanced position. These positions are based on foot positions and body alignments based on classes I had taken in Aikido, and other martial arts.

Geometry Was Next

It was not until all three aspects mentioned above were satisfied, did the development of the geometry begin. There was one final consideration…the delivery of the horseshoe in a straight line from setup, address, back swing and release without deviation. Keeping the arm and shoulder in a vertical plane was required. Using the concept of a pendulum on a grandfather clock was chosen. It swings vertically, in a straight line back and forth, while attached to a non-bending shaft. The concept of a straight Line of Flight (abbreviated LOF) along a vertical plane, was incorporated into the geometry.

It is important to note that the methods described apply equally to a flipping or turning horseshoe.

Good Luck

Tips and Tricks

I am listing a series of Tips and Tricks at the beginning of this book to help you as you progress through your reading and testing. I’ve made no effort to determine an order of importance, they are only numbered for uniqueness. The links in the Introduction should have “introduced” you to the Visual Alignment Point (VAP), Line of Flight (LOF), and Pendulum Swing.

1. Keep a journal, both for practice and competition. Jot down anything you’re doing and how it’s working. Your journal will help to spot tendencies. Things that appear to be unimportant may later turn out to be helpful. The back of this book has a form you can print, to monitor how your horseshoe is arriving at the stake during practice. Check it for tendencies.

2. Develop your own repeatable constants as you progress. For example, how and when you grip the shoe, move to the approach, your swing key, etc. Jot them down in your journal.

3. Concentrate on one thing at a time. For instance, if you’re working on the Line of Flight and you hit the stake. Don’t worry about whether it was a ringer or not. You can always adjust your grip to change the arrival.

4. Develop a mental rhythm or cadence. 1 and 2 and 3 and 4, for instance. The Skaters’ Waltz is the perfect music to demonstrate the rhythm and timing of your arm swing and release. Running the timing through your mind is the perfect method to eliminate distractions.

5. During practice and competition, concentrate visually on the bottom of the stake. Your brain has a way of telling your body how much effort to put into throwing something a particular distance.

6. Swing up the stake during your delivery. You are trying to follow a straight line, the Line of Flight, previously mentioned. Continuing up the stake insures that you are following it.

7. Relax. If tension creeps into your swing, all sorts of problems ensue. You won’t be able to take a full back swing, you’ll begin to rush, or start throwing at the stake, or lose your balance, etc.

8. Eliminate distractions. The best way is mentally repeating your cadence and locking your eyes on the bottom of the stake. One occupies your mind and the other your eyes.

9. The geometry in this book is based on your head and eyes moving in a straight line during the delivery. Wherever you’re pitching, pick a spot behind the stake or opposite approach and make sure your head and eyes maintain that relationship during your stride forward.

10. The geometry in this book is also based on the control of your shoulder rotation. Resting your left hand on your left thigh is a good monitor for controlling and monitoring rotation.

11. If a shoe is blocking your way to the stake. Raise your pitching shoulder and throw the shoe as normal. The timing of your release should not change, but, raising your shoulder will increase the height and the length of flight. This extra distance should allow the shoe to arrive above the blocking shoe.

12. Another method of increasing your distance when arriving short, is to try a bit firmer grip, or, a horseshoe with a little higher thumb calk, if you’re a flipper. Either should increase your distance by delaying your release slightly. Raising the shoulder was discussed earlier.

13. Practice by throwing into a 15” tire. It will help to eliminate low flights and hard arrivals.

14. If you develop your own list of Tips and Tricks, jot them down in your journal.

Continue to Part 47 for a description of Method 4, a simple method of pitching from either approach.

E-mail me if you have questions.

Table of Contents

The Search For My Perfect Swing — Part 45

Horseshoe Pitching With Precision

This is the title of my new book entitled, “Horseshoe Pitching With Precision”. It is printed 8-1/2″ x 11″ and spiral bound. It is slightly less than 100 pages. It is available now at TheBookPatch, a Print on Demand (POD) company. Their URL . As of 17 July the eReader versions were distributed to the various companies providing eReaders such as Amazon (Kindle), Barnes and Noble (Nook), iBookstore (Ipad/iPhone), Kobo, ReaderStore (Sony eReader), etc. See Part 46 for more information.

The book is designed to help both the beginner and non-beginner to take a look at their method of pitching from a little different perspective.

It is divided into three distinct sections. Section 0 is for the new pitcher interested in horseshoe pitching. It covers building a pit and pit material, practicing, flip versus turn, joining a league, etc. Section 1 describes 3 unique ways to pitch horseshoes based on exact positioning. Section 3 covers everything else related to any aspect of horseshoe pitching, i.e., practicing, NHPA and HP Pro Tour events, various grips for the flip or turn, horseshoe design and production, score keeping, 3D printing, etc.

For Section 1, I have broken down the act of pitching a horseshoe into individual pieces. Before I created a single arc, line, or circle geometrically, I looked at each phase of pitching a horseshoe. It is broken down into three phases. Phase 1 is the setup on the approach. Phase 2 is the address position. Phase 3 is the stride forward and release.

It is first based on a strong, balanced setup that positions your body and shoulders properly. Secondly, establishing a Line of Flight that is precise and directly at the stake from the moment you take your stance until the horseshoe leaves your hand. Finally, your head, eyes and stride move directly at the stake.

After establishing those 3 requirements, then the geometry was included to provide a pathway to satisfy those 3 requirements.

How you grip and release the horseshoe is your choice. Whether you turn, flip, flip-turn or any other release technique, will not be affected by these methods.

The book provides 3 different methods to achieve those goals.

Method 1 takes advantage of your natural human tendencies to swing your arms inward toward the center of your body. There is no attempt to change it, only to take advantage of that tendency.

Method 2 provides a method that will allow you to move the geometry to either approach and anywhere on either approach as long as you maintain the geometry properly.

Method 3 is directed at those horseshoe pitchers who cannot stride because of a physical restriction, i.e., back or leg problems, or perhaps using a prosthesis, and need to stand at the foul line.

The purpose of this book is to standardize each aspect of your technique based on constants or fixed points established during each of the three phases mentioned and to provide the reasons for a miss. Using these methods will provide you with the information necessary to correct a directional problem. These methods will take the horseshoe directly at the stake. It is your release technique that determines if it’s open when it arrives.

You cannot determine why you missed, unless you know why you didn’t. The key to the success of this method is repeatability. That means doing everything the same each time. It starts on the approach, and progresses to a precise address and a proper stride directly at the stake, while monitoring your shoulder positions.

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The Front Cover

Front Cover

Front Cover

The Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

The Introduction


The Back Cover

Back Cover

Back Cover

To The Volunteers

To The Volunteers

To The Volunteers

Use the BUY NOW button below to check out the information on The Book Patch. There is no obligation to BUY NOW.

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Horseshoe Pitchi …

Bob Rasmussen


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Continue to Part 46 for a reproduction of the first few pages of information provided by Amazon for their Kindle version of Horseshoe Pitching With Precision. Other eReader companies and their versions, with availability, are referenced as well.

E-mail me if you have questions.

Table of Contents

The Search For My Perfect Swing — Part 44

The Geometry of Precise Setup and Delivery — Final Thoughts

NHPA Pit Specifications —

Since one of the keys to precision is utilizing locations that are constant, a review of the NHPA Pit Specifications is in order. The NHPA permits the “Pit” area to vary. For clarification, when I indicate “Pit” I’m identifying the area containing the stake. The area to either side is the “Approach”. However, they also require that the pitching platform is an area that is 6 feet by 6 feet. That means that no matter how wide the pit is, the outer edges of the left and right approaches are 36″ to the left and right of the stake. This is important if you are confronted with a pit that is only 15-1/2″ from the imaginary stake to the edge of the left or right approach. You must be able to deal with pit width variations.

Alternative Setup Locations — Important

The geometry of the setup and delivery described in Parts 41-43 is precise relative to all lines and body relationships, however, they are actually independent of either approach. So, it is possible to move the geometry to any location on either approach. If you think of the distant stake as the radius of a larger 30 foot circle you would be able to rotate the entire geometry to either approach. So, it is possible to move the geometry to the left edge of the left approach or the right edge of the right approach. The 3 images below demonstrate how the geometry rests on the approaches when rotated from the distant stake. Even though the foot positions shown on each approach are different, they are still relative to the foot positions of Parts 41-43. Further, the shoulders rotate 13 degrees from the Setup position to the Delivery position in all cases.

Left Edge of Left Approach

Left Edge of Left Approach

Rotation to the Left Edge of the Left Approach (Above) — In this rotation you will note that the left foot on the left edge is almost parallel to the left edge. In addition, the Visual Alignment Point will have moved further to the right. This pitching position presents an angle to the stake as far to the left as possible.

Left Edge of Right Approach

Left Edge of Right Approach

Rotation to the Left Edge of the Right Approach (Above) — In this rotation you will note that the location of the left foot after the stride forward is very close to the left corner of the right approach. In addition, the VAP has moved closer to the stake. The distance to the stake may not always be 18″ from this setup.

Right Edge of Right Approach

Right Edge of Right Approach

Rotation to the Right Edge of the Right Approach (Above) — I consider this location to be the best for the 30 foot flipper for several reasons. First, it’s the most precise location for NHPA spec platforms on the right approach. Secondly, it presents the greatest angle to the stake from any position on the left or right approach. I consider this an advantage for flipping pitchers to reduce bounce back. In addition, the VAP moves very close to the stake. Finally, it is actually possible to look down the Line of Flight from this extreme rightward position. It does require a cocking of the head to the right until you are looking straight down the LOF. Below I’ll describe an aid that verifies that you are actually looking down the Line of Flight.

If you happen to be a pitcher who cannot stride due to leg problems, you can move your left foot to the right corner of the approach and look straight down the LOF. In this case your Visual Alignment Point and Line of Flight are the same. You also have the advantage of completely eliminating the stride, which is sometimes a cause for misses.

Valuable Practice Aids —

If you started with Part 41 you were introduced to the necessary cords and anchors for the Line of Flight and perhaps you added cords for the VAP and/or Visual Stride Direction. I would like to introduce the most important Helping Aid I’ve found….the TAMPER. I place it on various locations of the LOF for checking my on line delivery, my backswing stop point, my VAP, and checking to see that I’m moving directly at the stake. In this case, we’ll be using it to make sure our eyes are directly over the Line of Flight from the right side approach. You can purchase a tamper at most DIY stores for $20 to $30 dollars. I guarantee that it will become your favorite helping aid during practice sessions.

For this use we’ll need a second cord and the tamper. First, connect each end at the anchors now being used for your Line of Flight. You should now have two cords, one on top of the other. Next, position the tamper directly over the Line of Flight cord about 6 feet in front of the pit. Make sure the tamper is straight up and down. Now grab your newly placed cord and rest it on the top of the tamper handle. You should now have two cords one over the other. As you setup on the right approach tilt your head until the top cord is directly over the bottom cord. You are now looking straight down the Line of Flight. In this case your Line of Flight, Visual Stride Direction and Visual Alignment Point are the same. Keep the cords in line and throw the horseshoe directly over the top of the tamper. Nothing beats throwing directly at what you’re looking at. See image below. If you look carefully you’ll see the Line of Flight cord directly under the center of the tamper.

Second Cord on Tamper

Second Cord on Tamper

Continue to Part 45 for a description of new book “Horseshoe Pitching With Precision”

E-mail me if you have questions.

Table of Contents